Portland Oregon Bans Facial Recognition

by Michael Maharrey, Activist Post: PORTLAND, Ore. (Sept. 10, 2020) – Yesterday, the Portland City Council passed an ordinance banning government use of facial recognition technology. The growing movement to prohibit the use of facial recognition at the state and local levels could hinder the operation of a growing national facial recognition network. Portland Mayor Ted Wheeler and City Commissioner Jo Ann Hardesty introduced the ordinance. The new law bans the use of facial recognition technology by all City of Portland bureaus. Under the ordinance, city agencies, including the police department, “shall not acquire, evaluate or use Face Recognition Technologies.” The law also prohibits city agencies from directing non-city entities to acquire or use the technology on their behalf. The council passed the ordinance by a unanimous vote. The Portland City Council also passed a second ordinance barring the use of facial recognition technology by private entities ” in places of public accommodation.” Information from private facial recognition systems often ends up in government databases so limiting the private use of the technology makes sense on one level. But the ban raises significant private property rights issues. A better approach would be to prohibit data-sharing between private facial recognition systems and government entities. The Portland facial recognition ban makes up part of a broader nationwide movement to limit this invasive surveillance technology at the local and state level. San Francisco, Oakland, and Berkeley in California prohibited government use of facial recognition technology.  Several cities in Massachusetts have also instituted bans, including Easthampton, Somerville, Northampton, Brookline, Cambridge, Springfield, and Boston. Last year, the California governor signed a bill that imposes a 3-year ban on the use of the tech in conjunction with police body-worn cameras, leading to the shutdown of one of the biggest facial recognition programs in the country. And New York is considering a bill to ban facial recognition in schools and on police body cameras. IMPACT ON FEDERAL PROGRAMS A recent report revealed that the federal government has turned state drivers’ license photos into a giant facial recognition database, putting virtually every driver in America in a perpetual electronic police lineup. The revelations generated widespread outrage, but this story isn’t new. The federal government has been developing a massive, nationwide facial recognition system for years. The FBI rolled out a nationwide facial-recognition program in the fall of 2014, with the goal of building a giant biometric database with pictures provided by the states and corporate friends. In 2016, the Center on Privacy and Technology at Georgetown Law released “The Perpetual Lineup,” a massive report on law enforcement use of facial recognition technology in the U.S. You can read the complete report at perpetuallineup.org. The organization conducted a year-long investigation and collected more than 15,000 pages of documents through more than 100 public records requests. The report paints a disturbing picture of intense cooperation between the federal government, and state and local law enforcement to develop a massive facial recognition database. “Face recognition is a powerful technology that requires strict oversight. But those controls, by and large, don’t exist today,” report co-author Clare Garvie said. “With only a few exceptions, there are no laws governing police use of the technology, no standards ensuring its accuracy, and no systems checking for bias. It’s a wild west.” With facial recognition technology, police and other government officials have the capability to track individuals in real-time. These systems allow law enforcement agents to use video cameras and continually scan everybody who walks by. According to the report, several major police departments have expressed an interest in this type of real-time tracking. Documents revealed agencies in at least five major cities, including Los Angeles, either claimed to run real-time face recognition off of street cameras, bought technology with the capability, or expressed written interest in buying it. In all likelihood, the federal government heavily involves itself in helping state and local agencies obtain this technology. The feds provide grant money to local law enforcement agencies for a vast array of surveillance gear, including ALPRs, stingray devices and drones. The federal government essentially encourages and funds a giant nationwide surveillance net and then taps into the information via fusion centers and the Information Sharing Environment (ISE). Fusion centers were sold as a tool to combat terrorism, but that is not how they are being used. The ACLU pointed to a bipartisan congressional report to demonstrate the true nature of government fusion centers: “They haven’t contributed anything meaningful to counterterrorism efforts. Instead, they have largely served as police surveillance and information sharing nodes for law enforcement efforts targeting the frequent subjects of police attention: Black and brown people, immigrants, dissidents, and the poor.” Read More @ ActivistPost.com

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