Gold miners discover gigantic meteorite crater in Australian outback

A color-coded gravity image of the Ora Banda Impact Crater site in Australia. Picture: Resource Potentials via Resourc.ly Gold miners in the Australian Outback recently discovered a gigantic meteorite crater dating to about 100 million years ago.Found near the Western Australian town of Ora Banda, the newly dubbed Ora Banda Impact Crater is about 3 miles (5 kilometers) across. This huge hole was likely created by a meteorite up to 660 feet (200 meters) wide, or longer than the length of two American football fields. The discovery When geologists at Evolution Mining, an Australian gold mining company, came across some unusual rock cores at Ora Banda, they called Jayson Meyers, the principal geophysicist, director and founder of Resource Potentials, a geophysics consulting and contracting company in Perth. Meyers examined the geologists’ drill core samples, as well as rock samples from the site, and he immediately noticed the shatter cones — telltale signs of a meteorite crash. Shatter cones form when high-pressure, high-velocity shock waves from a large impacting object — such as a meteorite or a gigantic explosion (such as would occur at a nuclear testing site) — rattle an area. These shock waves shatter rock into the unique shatter cone shape, just like a mark that a hard object can leave on a car’s windshield. Because “we know they didn’t do any nuclear testing at Ora Banda,” the evidence suggests that an ancient impact crater hit the site. Gravity anomaly map (left) and location of the newfound Banda Impact Crater. Picture: Resource Potentials via Resourc.ly To learn more, Meyers examined the site’s topography (that is, its varying elevations) and examined a gravity anomaly map, which shows how the gravity field at a particular site differs from a uniform, featureless Earth. Any gravitational anomalies that turn up on the map can give insight into hidden features that affect the amount of mass, and therefore gravitational pull, in a given area. For instance, a mountain range would have more gravitational force than a featureless surface, while an ocean trench or crater would have negative gravity anomalies, the Earth Observatory explained. Meyer’s work revealed a hidden impact crater with a pucker in the middle. This pucker is where shattered rocks came back to the surface after the meteorite struck, like a compressed spring that bounces back. When the geologists went to the “pucker” part of the site, they discovered shatter cones in the rocky outcrops. Satellite image showing the Ora newly found Banda Impact Crater site. Picture: Resource Potentials via Resourc.ly Time of impact unknown Now, scientists from Curtin University in Perth are investigating the Ora Banda site on a microscopic level. In particular, the team will examine whether minerals at the site were vaporized and then re-crystallized under high pressures. “The energy released when the [meteorite] impacted would have been more than the combined energy from every atomic test ever conducted,” explains Meyers. [embedded content] Research on zircons and other minerals from the crater will likely reveal when the meteorite struck — right now, Meyers thinks it hit between 250 million and 40 million years ago. If it struck after the Cretaceous period ended, about 65 million years ago, this meteorite wouldn’t have bothered the non-avian dinosaurs, because they were already dead. The dinosaur-killing asteroid was much larger and more lethal. That asteroid, which hit the area that is now Mexico’s Yucatan Peninsula, was about 6 miles (10 km) wide and left an impact crater about 90 miles (150 km) across. More impact crater news on Resourc.ly, Strange Sounds and Steve Quayle. Follow us: Facebook and Twitter. By the way you can also support us on Paypal. Please and thank you!

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What’s Trending Ranks The Five Safest Australian Online Casinos

The safety factor at online casinos is an absolute priority – more important than rewards and entertainment. We know that before Australian players put their first dollar down at an online casino, it’s important for them to know that the site they’ve chosen is safe and secure. Safety means more than just a half-hearted announcement that the site takes vague steps to ensure your security. It means putting their money where their mouth is by taking all the necessary steps: Licensing, regulation, the last word in internet security technology. The What’s Trending team went on a mission to find the five safest Australian online casinos. We looked at online casinos that offer games for real money and where players know that their financial and private information is kept secure at all times. We looked at things such as regulation and licensing, because it’s important that a site has accountability to an external entity. Real money online casinos like those found at AustralianCasinoClub.com, all have offshore licenses. These are the five Australian online casinos that made the best impression on our team, in no particular order. Woo Casino This multi-vendor site makes a great impression from the get-go. It has an SSL secured gaming environment, excellent customer support, a self-exclusion policy and carries an off-shore license. In other areas, Woo Casino also wows.  We love the fact that you can play games by 23 different vendors, and you have a fantastic range of options to choose from. Dive into regular tournaments, live dealer games and of course literally hundreds of slots and table games. Woo Casino rocks when it comes to rewards, starting with its average payout of 97%. You can claim 25 free spins before you make your first deposit, followed up by a generous 100% match bonus up to $300 + 200 free spins.  Woo-hoo! Ozwin Casino How can Australian players even resist the title of this online casino? This is a licensed online casino that’s powered by the iconic Real Time Gaming software group. You know then, that the site is backed by one of the best operators in the business. Ozwin’s support team is prompt and professional and can be reached via live chat, among other channels. You’ll find everything to make your online gaming session enjoyable, starting with hundreds of RTG games, such as the Real Series of Slots with their random progressive jackpots.  There is a good selection of bonus offers, including cashbacks of up to 50%, loyalty rewards and more. The most popular RTG games can be found on the intuitive Ozwin Mobile Casino platform, where no download is required. True Blue Casino This online casino has definitely established itself as a favourite gaming destination for Aussie players. The site was established in 2018 and is licensed off-shore. Australians feel right at home, with the option to play in AU$ and a reliable customer support team to help around the clock. Extra credibility is added to True Blue Casino thanks to its link-up with Real Time Gaming as a games provider. The site features some of the best games from RTG’s portfolio, include exceptional pokies and progressive jackpot games such as Aztec’s Millions and Jackpot Piñatas. Banking is made simple and easy at True Blue, thanks to the great range of deposit methods. The withdrawal process is speedy and very reliable, with strong attention to the verification procedures. PlayAmo Casino Since 2016, PlayAmo Casino has proven itself to be a safe and highly entertaining online casino platform. Australian’s flock to this site, not only because it offers one of the biggest selections of games and pokies for local players, but also because it makes security a priority. PlayAmo is an off-shore licensed site backed by some of the industry-leading software providers such as Microgaming, Evolution, iSoftBet and niche groups such as Endorphina and Ezugi. This means access to hundreds of top games, with new ones added at an incredible pace. At last count, there were over 1,000 games to choose from! Take your pick from amazing bonuses, starting with the welcome package and continuing on to weekly reload bonuses, highroller offers and more. BitStarz Casino Over 40 game providers believe in this licensed platform, and so there is no reason that you shouldn’t too!  We counted over 400 pokies at this site, which boasts a fantastic track record in the Australian and global online casino world. BitStarz Casino takes all the necessary steps (and then some) to ensure absolute security when it comes to your financial and privacy details. Live chat is available 24/7, or they can be reached through social media. While AUD are accepted, BitStarz’s flagship currency for deposit and withdrawal is Bitcoin. This, of course, speeds up the entire process significantly. If you want to stick to more traditional methods, you’ll find them supported here as well.

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Germany, France, U.K. Rebuke Beijing Over South China Sea

The United Kingdom, France and Germany have signed a joint note denouncing China’s claims in the South China Sea, in a sign of growing European interest in the maritime disputes there and China’s militarization of occupied islets. The three countries together sent a note Wednesday to the United Nations, following in the footsteps of Malaysia, Australia, Indonesia, Vietnam, the Philippines, and the United States. Over the past year, those governments have issued diplomatic rebukes, complaints, and rejections of China’s expansive maritime claims in the South China Sea, all through the U.N. Commission on the Limits of the Continental Shelf. “France, Germany and the United Kingdom underline the importance of unhampered exercise of the freedom of the high seas, in particular the freedom of navigation and overflight, and of the right of innocent passage enshrined in the [United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea], including in the South China Sea,” the note says. The three countries also emphasized that “‘historic rights’ over the South China Sea waters do not comply with international law,” and “recall that the arbitral award in the Philippines v. China case dating to 12 July 2016 clearly confirms this point.” The arbitral award mentioned was a landmark case brought before The Hague-based Permanent Court of Arbitration by the Philippines. That tribunal ultimately struck down virtually all of China’s claims in the South China Sea as unlawful and without basis under the U.N. Convention on the Law of the Sea, or UNCLOS. The note rejects other parts of China’s stance over the disputed waters. It states that artificial islands, such as those created by China in the South China Sea through land reclamation and sand dredging, cannot generate maritime entitlements such as exclusive economic zones under UNCLOS. And it also clarifies that France, Germany and the U.K. don’t recognize China’s grouping of rocks and islets in the Paracels into an archipelago that would generate “straight baselines.” Baselines are imaginary lines connecting the outermost points of the features of archipelago that are meant to circumscribe – and effectively maximize – the territory that belongs to it. The Paracels are a cluster of rocks and islets in the northern part of the South China Sea and are disputed between China, Vietnam, and Taiwan. The United Kingdom already did not recognize China’s attempt to draw “straight baselines” around its occupied features in the area and performed a freedom of navigation exercise there in 2018. However, this is the first time France and Germany have explicitly rebuked China’s baselines, as well as China’s “historic rights” position that it insists grants it sovereignty over the waters and rocks spread out over nearly all the South China Sea. Both of those European nations have recently pushed for further involvement in the Pacific. France held a high-level trilateral meeting with Australia and India on Sept. 9, and has signed logistics agreement with both countries that allow its forces to access facilities on their island territories, and vice versa. On Sept. 1, Germany published its first ‘Guideline on the Indo-Pacific,’ updating its policy to reflect growing economic ties to the region and concern over militarized tensions there. “The Malacca Strait may seem a long way away. But our prosperity and our geopolitical influence in the coming decades will depend not least on how we work together with the countries of the Indo-Pacific region. That, more than anywhere else, is where the shape of the international order of tomorrow will be decided,” Germany’s Foreign Minister Heiko Maas said in a press release earlier this month. “We want to help shape that order – so that it is based on rules and international cooperation, not on the law of the strong.” The Malacca Strait refers to a critical waterway connecting the South China Sea to the Bay of Bengal, in the Indian Ocean. About a quarter of the world’s traded goods and oil passes through the Strait. China has come under growing international criticism, particularly from the U.S. government, over its conduct in the South China Sea, and but it has continued to send military and government-controlled civilian vessels into the territory of its Southeast Asian neighbors. Indonesia, one country astride the Malacca Strait, castigated China for sending a China Coast Guard (CCG) ship into its waters over the weekend. At the same time, ship tracking data shows China has sent survey vessels into areas claimed by the Philippines and even into the Philippine exclusive economic zone. The Hai Yang 4 survey vessel operated around Philippine-claimed Macclesfield Bank from Aug. 24 to Sept. 15, and the Dong Fang Hong 3 has been surveying the same area since Sept. 12. Both are operated directly by the Chinese government. The Jia Geng, another Chinese survey vessel owned by Xiamen University, has been sailing within 150 nautical miles of the Philippine coast since Sept. 13. Benar News, an RFA-affiliated online news service, reached out to the Philippine government on Tuesday for comment and was told the Department of National Defense would “validate this report.” It was not immediately clear if they had done so. The U.S. renewed its criticism of China on Thursday. Assistant Secretary of State David Stilwell – Washington’s top diplomat for East Asia – accused Beijing of “destabilizing territorial revisionism” when he addressed a hearing of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee. Meanwhile, the Chinese Embassy in Manila took aim at recent U.S. criticism in a statement, although it did not explicitly name the United States. “[A] certain country outside the region is bent on interfering in the disputes in the South China Sea and the COC [Code of Conduct] consultations to serve is own geopolitical agenda. How to resist the interference is crucial for pushing forward the future consultations of COC,” the statement said, referring to negotiations between China and the Southeast Asian bloc on a code that would regulate conduct at sea.

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